Ayurvedic treatment for Thyroid
Our thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck below
Adam’s apple. It is part of our endocrine system, which coordinates our body
activities. The primary function of the thyroid remains to regulate the regular body
metabolism. However, several disorders can arise when thyroid production is more or
less than required. Most common conditions include Hyperthyroidism,
Hypothyroidism, Hashimoto’s disease, Grave’s disease, Goiter and Thyroid nodules.
Surveys claim that women are more likely to get affected with thyroid abnormalities
than men, especially right after pregnancy and menopause.
Thyroid treatment in Ayurveda
Ayurveda relates the thyroid functions to the activities of Agni (metabolism). Based
on this, the treatment and medications are adapted. In hypothyroidism, the dosha
dushya involvement is medo sroto‑duṣṭi (fatty tissue vitiation or disturbed lipid
metabolism) due to deranged Agni.
Medicines that possess the properties of Deepana, Pachana, Ushna, Tikshna, Sukshma
and Lekhana are preferred. Deepana pachana medicines help in increasing digestive
fire and processing the undigested material in the body. Drugs that act on Agni and
which removes obstruction in the dhatus and srotas are chosen for treatment.
At Sitaram, treatments like udwarthana (dry powder massage), classical virechana
(detoxification), followed by vasti (medicated enemas), helps to control the variation
in the thyroid secretions. Virechana is the best treatment for the thyroid as it helps
remove the pitta dushti, does the Kapha chedana and effectively brings back the
normal metabolism. Main Ayurveda herbs used for treating thyroid problems are
Guggulu, Kanchanara, Punarnava etc.
Diet for thyroid disease
Eat fresh and healthy food
Drink plenty of water
Avoid fried food, junk food, and heavy oil items
Reduce the intake of coffee, tea, chocolates, yoghurt, vinegar, meat etc.
Include more fresh salads, leafy veggies, barley, old rice and coconut oil in the
diet. Optimum spices in the diet like ginger, pepper, asafoetida, jeera help to
normalise the metabolism.
Depending upon the patient condition, our doctors alter the treatments, diet and yoga
Thyroxine, commonly known as T4, is the primary hormone released by the thyroid.
The T4, when released to the bloodstream, is later converted to triiodothyronine T3,
which is the most active hormone. When the thyroxine is less, the brain produces a
hormone known as thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) that causes the release of
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which helps the thyroid gland release more T4.
Estimated levels of TSH in adults are –
Age range Normal Low High
18–30 years 0.5–4.1 mU/L < 0.5 mU/L > 4.1 mU/L
31–50 years 0.5–4.1 mU/L < 0.5 mU/L > 4.1 mU/L
51–70 years 0.5–4.5 mU/L < 0.5 mU/L > 4.5 mU/L
71–90 years 0.4–5.2 mU/L < 0.4 mU/L > 5.2 mU/L
Here we will discuss mainly two types of thyroid diseases – Hyperthyroidism and
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid glands are overactive. As a result,
the thyroid gland secretes too much hormone than required
Grave’s disease is considered to be the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. The
nodules present in the thyroid, a condition called toxic nodular goitre or multinodular
goitre, also lead to excess hormone secretions from the thyroid gland.
The other Hyperthyroidism causes include excess intake of thyroid hormones,
abnormal secretions of TSH, excess consumption of salty food, thyroiditis
(inflammation to the thyroid gland).
Excessive release of thyroid hormone leads to –
Restlessness in the body
Increased rate of heart beat
Shaking or tremors in the body
Brittle skin, hair and nails
Bulging in the eyes (in grave’s disease)
Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy
Maternal hyperthyroidism, if left untreated, risks both mother and baby’s life.
Pregnant women with uncontrolled hyperthyroidism are likely to develop high blood
pressure. In addition, the risk of miscarriage, premature birth or low birth weight
remains high in women diagnosed with Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy.
Hyperthyroidism diagnosis and treatment
Hyperthyroidism can be diagnosed with blood tests that measure the level of thyroid
hormones. For example, a high thyroxine (T4) level and low TSH level indicate an
overactive thyroid gland.
Doctors also perform radioactive iodine through the mouth or as an injection and
measure how much the thyroid gland takes up. Taking more iodine is a sign of an
overactive thyroid gland. The treatment suggested includes blocking the excess
consumption of thyroid gland secretions. Hyperthyroidism can be diagnosed with
blood tests which measures the level of thyroid hormones.
What is Hypothyroidism?
In this condition the thyroid glands are underactive and cannot produce enough
hormones as required.
The underactive thyroid may be due to Hashimoto’s disease, thyroid removal by
surgery, or due to any damage caused during the radiation treatment. Most of the
times the symptoms are mild.
Very less production of thyroid hormone leads to symptoms like
Increased sensitivity to cold
Depressed or confused state of mind
Decreased heart rate
Rounded and puffy face, puffiness around the eyes
Hair thinning in the scalp as well as eyelashes.
Fungal infection in the nails
Hypothyroidism diagnosis and treatment
The blood test helps to confirm the levels of TSH and thyroid hormones. When the
level of TSH is high and thyroxine is at low levels, it means the individual is suffering
from hypothyroidism. Main treatment for hypothyroidism is to take medicine that
reach the optimum level as required by the body.